To advocate for animals who endure
captivity for the purpose of entertainment.
deserve more than mere existence. Children deserve to live in communities free of animal suffering.
Most zoos fail
to satisfy the full range of biological, behavioural and social
needs of the wild animals they keep, resulting in poor animal
welfare and, in many cases, chronic suffering.
It must be recognized that 'Captivity
itself is a great hardship'.
Animals need complex and interesting environments to express a full range of normal movements and behaviours. Most
zoo cages and enclosures confine animals in spaces that are
substantially smaller than the home ranges of their wild counterparts. These pens and cages often lack the
complex and natural features that life in the wild would provide. Living in sterile and uninteresting cages and enclosures
contributes to boredom which causes significant stress for captive animals.
Education: There is little evidence
that viewing animals in cages has the positive educational benefit that
zoos claim. People can learn far more about animals by viewing films
that use non-invasive methods to record animals in their natural
habitats. By viewing animals in cages and zoo enclosures, children seem
to be given the negative idea that living beings are objects that exist
for their amusement.
For these reasons, FOCA-Friends of Captive Animals
wild animals are kept in captivity, satisfying their biological,
behavioural and social needs must be the highest priority, not the convenience
of zoo staff or the viewing public.
of wild animals to live in captivity should end.
zoological facilities should not be opened, and entertainment-based,
menagerie-style zoos should be phased out as soon as possible. (‘Menagerie-style zoos’ refers to the
standard type of cages and pens that are designed to simply confine animals in
sterile environments, and provide easy viewing for zoo visitors.)
It is time to rethink,
transform, and in some cases, phase out the out-dated zoo industry.
Circus life is a great misery for animals,
domestic or wild.
should be forced to endure a circus life.
‘tricks’ are frequently unnatural acts that force the animal to perform actions
that are frightening, painful and violate their natural instincts.
methods often inflict pain and fear to force circus animals to perform these
difficult and unnatural acts.
animals spend extensive time chained or confined in cages while being
transported in trains or trucks. Even domestic animals like
horses and dogs are often tethered and confined for long periods, which causes
them to suffer greatly.
are brought to the circus are unaware of the lifetime of suffering these living
creatures endure to produce an hour or two of entertainment. The children see
only an unreal and distorted picture of these animals’ lives.
that it is morally wrong to mislead children about the suffering of these
animals, and that it is against the best interests of children to be
encouraged to view animals as mere
objects for their entertainment.
From Circus to Sanctuary:
circuses must come to an end as soon as possible.
All levels of government should ban the use of animals in circuses.
now owned by circus corporations must be retired to good quality sanctuaries,
and not be sold to other forms of entertainment or exploitation.
Private Ownership of Wild Animals
There is no way to provide a high quality of life to wild animals kept
as ‘pets’ or in private collections.
even if born in captivity, are still genetically wild with needs that can only
be met in a natural existence and habitat.
the banning of private ownership of all wild animals.